An Environmental Management Programme (EMPr) can be defined as "an environmental management tool used to ensure that undue or reasonably avoidable adverse impacts of the construction, operation and decommissioning of a project are prevented; and that the positive benefits of the projects are enhanced". Environmental management is a deliberate, multi-disciplinary process, which requires careful preparation and planning. Information on natural and human activities, processes and systems must be gathered, plans and procedures decided upon, documents drawn up and systems implemented. EMPr's are therefore important tools for ensuring that the management actions arising from Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) processes are clearly defined and implemented through all phases of the project life-cycle.